Implementing elements of national security by fulfilling the rights of indigenous people of Laman Kinipan in Central Kalimantan (Indonesia)
The Laman Kinipan Indigenous People have been in an agrarian conflict with PT Sawit Mandiri Lestari for years; they claim that PT SML has taken their indigenous territory, mainly consisting of customary forest, with a permit issued by the Indonesian government. PT SML cleared thousands of hectares of Kalimantan forest, which sparked protests from indigenous peoples. The land-clearing act affected indigenous peoples in several aspects, such as massive floods that had never happened before, to violent conflicts that befell indigenous peoples. This study aims to find out how the fulfillment of the rights of the Laman Kinipan, indigenous people, towards the realization of Indonesia's national security. This research was conducted using interviews and literature studies with an analysis process using the theory of national security with sub-theories of environmental security and human security. The results of this study indicate that the government's failure to fulfill the demands and rights of indigenous peoples affects national security, namely environmental security and human security. The researchers conclude that this conflict is a threat to national security, especially from environmental and human security elements. The government can accelerate the realization of national security if it fulfills the rights and demands of the Laman Kinipan indigenous people.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Khairul Umam Manik, I Gede Sumertha, Pujo Widodo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
This journal permits and encourages authors to post items/PDFs submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit its publication in this journal.